Basic Information About Prostate Cancer You Should Know
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that is feared by men across the world. Not many people have an advanced knowledge of the disease, and it’s important to know everything you can about it since all men are at risk. In this article, we’ll give a basic overview of the disease to help you to increase your knowledge.
Besides skin cancer, prostate cancer is the number one type of cancer that is found in men. In the United States alone, roughly 179,300 new cases of the disease are diagnosed every year. The average American man actually faces a 3.4 percent risk of dying due to a prostate cancer condition. Any age man can get prostate cancer, but it occurs most commonly in men that are of age 50 and older. 8 out of 10 prostate cancer diagnoses occur in men that are above age 65, giving you an idea of exactly how much of a factor age is when it comes to developing prostate cancer. Groups that face significant risks of developing prostate cancer include African Americans and those who have a genetic history of prostate cancer in their families.
The symptoms of prostate cancer are usually pretty easy to detect. Common symptoms exhibited in those who have prostate cancer include a difficulty in beginning urinating, lower pressure urination, and blood or pus in the urine. Also, those with prostate cancer may feel pain when ejaculating, as well as a painful burning sensation when they urinate. If you think that you may be displaying some of the symptoms of prostate cancer, it’s important to bring it to the attention of your doctor. The most commonly employed method of testing for prostate cancer is a basic prostate exam. It involves a physician inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum so that the physician can feel the prostate, which is located a few inches up from the rectum.
A healthy prostate feels firm; if prostate cancer is present, the prostate may have hard spots on it. For those who are squeamish towards this type of testing, an alternative method is sometimes used. Known as a PSA test, blood is taken from the patient and screened for prostate-specific-antigen levels. Prostate-specific-antigens are present in all men, but those with prostate cancer often have a heightened level of the antigen.
When it comes to treating prostate cancer, several approaches are employed. Since many prostate cancers are of slow growth, one common option is to carefully monitor the disease, noting how much the tumor progresses. If it is a slow-growth tumor, it may be harmless to you in terms of mortality. If the prostate cancer is of a more serious form, however, treatments such as radiation therapy and surgery are often employed to treat the condition.
These treatments may be troublesome to a person’s well-being however, since incontinence and impotence often occur when treatment is employed for prostate cancer. For that reason, it’s important to be able to trust your doctor in choosing which treatment is right for you. If you don’t feel sure about a decision regarding prostate cancer treatment, consider consulting a second doctor to get an outside opinion.